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Chemistry 12 - Chapter 1 Quiz



True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
 

1. 

An ester is formed when the hydroxyl group of an alcohol and the hydrogen atom of the carboxyl group of an acid are eliminated, and water is released.
 

2. 

Benzene is generally more reactive than alkanes and less reactive than alkenes because of the bonding in its aliphatic ring.
 

3. 

Aldehydes and ketones differ in the location of the carbonyl group and can be isomers of each other.
 

4. 

In an amide, the nitrogen atom is connected to at least one carbon atom, while in an amine, the nitrogen is connected to at least one hydrogen atom.
 

5. 

When 1-pentanol and 3-pentanol are each oxidized in a controlled way, they produce pentanal and propoxyethane, respectively.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

6. 

Which of the following compounds may be a structural isomer of 2-butanone?
a.
CH3CH2CH2CH2OH
b.
CH3CH2CH2CHO
c.
CH3CH2OCH2CH3
d.
CH3CH2CH2COOH
e.
CH3CH=CHCH3
 

7. 

What is the major product of the reaction between
1-pentene and HCl?
a.
1-chloropentane
b.
2-chloropentane
c.
1,2-dichloropentane
d.
1-pentachlorine
e.
2-pentachlorine
 

8. 

The ester represented by the structural formula
c12-ch1_files/i0100000.jpg
      can by synthesized from
a.
ethanol and propanoic acid
b.
ethanol and ethanoic acid
c.
methanol and propanoic acid
d.
propanol and ethanoic acid
e.
propanol and propanoic acid
 

9. 

What type of organic compound is represented by the following general formula?
c12-ch1_files/i0110000.jpg
a.
an aldehyde
b.
an amide
c.
a carboxylic acid
d.
an ester
e.
a ketone
 

10. 

The reaction between a carboxylic acid and an amine is an example of this type of reaction:
a.
addition
b.
condensation
c.
esterification
d.
hydrogenation
e.
hydrolysis
 

11. 

Acetaldehyde can be synthesized from the controlled oxidation of:
a.
acetic acid
b.
acetone
c.
ethanol
d.
methanol
e.
2-propanol
 

12. 

The compound whose structure is shown below
c12-ch1_files/i0140000.jpg
a.
can be oxidized to an aldehyde
b.
can be oxidized to a ketone
c.
can be synthesized from the addition reaction of an alkane
d.
is a secondary alcohol
e.
is a tertiary alcohol
 

13. 

The compound whose structure is shown below
c12-ch1_files/i0150000.jpg
a.
can be oxidized to an aldehyde
b.
can be synthesized by the oxidation of a ketone
c.
can undergo, a condensation reaction with methyl amine
d.
has a lower boiling point than 3-methylpentane
e.
is less soluble than 3-methylpentane in water
 

14. 

Which of the following reaction types occurs when benzene reacts with bromine?
a.
addition
b.
elimination
c.
hydration
d.
polymerization
e.
substitution
 

15. 

Which of the following statements is true of the compounds (i) CH3CH2OCH3 and (ii) CH3COOCH3?
a.
i and ii are both hydrocarbons.
b.
i and ii each contains a carbonyl group.
c.
i is less polar than ii.
d.
i is less soluble than ii in nonpolar solvents.
e.
Neither i nor ii contains any double bonds.
 



 
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